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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 2066-2072
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.243


Bacteriological Profile and its Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Acute Exacerbation Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD) Patients in Tertiary Care Hospital, Karimnagar, India
Aparna Bannaravuri, Amar C. Sajjan*, G. Sowjanya, B. Archana and G. Swetha
Department of Microbiology, Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a spectrum of airway diseases that has chronic bronchitis at one end and emphysema at other end. COPD is the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Most of the episodes (80%) of AECOPD are triggered by infections mainly affecting the lower respiratory tract by respiratory viruses, atypical bacteria and aerobic Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. It is considered that Environmental pollution could be a factor in small proportion of patients Out of 148 patients of AECOPD admitted over a period of 12 months the 106 patients were culture positive, 73 pts are males among which 60 of them are male smokers and 33 are females predominantly non-smokers.. The isolated organisms were identified by standard biochemical reactions and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility. The prevalence of Gram negative (91.3%) is more than that of Gram positive (8.7%). Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas is the most commonly isolated organism i.e., 49.0% and 33.0%, respectively. Klebsiella is sensitive to Meropenem (95.4%), Ceftriaxone (84.0%), Gentamicin (80.3%) and resistant to amoxyclav (9.2%). Pseudomonas is highly sensitivity to Meropenem (99.9%) and least sensitive to Amoxyclav (18.1%). In our study, Meropenem, Ceftriaxone and Gentamicin were the most active antibacterial agents. More studies are required to formulate the antibiotic policy for improvement of patients’ quality of life and therefore reducing the morbidity and mortality, mainly in acute exacerbations of COPD.


Keywords: Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, AECOPD, Antibiotic sensitivity testing
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How to cite this article:

Aparna Bannaravuri, Amar C. Sajjan, G. Sowjanya, B. Archana and Swetha, G. 2019. Bacteriological Profile and its Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Acute Exacerbation Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD) Patients in Tertiary Care Hospital, Karimnagar, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 2066-2072. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.243