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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 1852-1859
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.216


Species Composition, Relative Abundance and Diversity of Ants Associated with Lac Insect in Assam
Rituraj Saikia1*, Purnima Das1, Lakshmi Kanta Hazarika2, Athar Nishat Islam3, Surajit Kalita1 and Priyanka Saikia1
1Department of Entomology, AAU, Jorhat, Assam, India
2Assam Women's University, Jorhat, Assam, India
3Department of Agricultural Meteorology, AAU, Jorhat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation highlighted the facultative mutualistic association of six ant species, viz. Camponotus parius Emery, Meranoplus bicolor Guerin-Meneville, Paratrechina longicornis Latreille, Monomorium dichroum Forel, Technomyrmex albipes Smith and Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) belonging to three sub-families (Formicinae, Myrmicinae and Dolichoderinae) with lac insect (Kerria lacca Kerr) on host plants, Flemingia semialata. Out of these, Technomyrmex albipes was the most abundant and dominated species which constituted 76.66 percent (394.8 no. of individual/15cm lac encrustation) followed by Paratrechina longicornis which contributed 12 percent (61.8 no. of individuals/15cm) of the total ant community throughout the crop season of lac insect. Highest numbers of ant population (101.5 no. of ants/15cm) was recorded at 81 days after inoculation i.e. at initial post fertilization stage. Highest numbers of ant species (5) was also recorded at initial post fertilization stage i.e. 81 days and 95 days after inoculation. Shannon-Wiener diversity Index for ant was recorded Highest (0.87) at 81 days after inoculation and lowest was recorded at maturity stage of lac insect (0.41). However, the Pielou's evenness index showed the highest value of 1.21 at 67 days after inoculation and lowest was recorded at maturity stage of lac crop (0.14).


Keywords: Ant, Lac insect, Trophobiont, Diversity, Abundance
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How to cite this article:

Rituraj Saikia, Purnima Das, Lakshmi Kanta Hazarika, Athar Nishat Islam, Surajit Kalita and Priyanka Saikia. 2019. Species Composition, Relative Abundance and Diversity of Ants Associated with Lac Insect in Assam.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 1852-1859. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.216