Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019) [Effective from January 1, 2019]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 1368-1378
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.159


Protection of Tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum from Wilt Pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Glomus sp.
S. Merina Prem Kumari1* and B. Jeberlin Prabina2
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics
2Department of Soil Science, Agricultural College & Research Institute, Killikulam, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi benefits plants by improving the uptake of phosphate and other nutrients from soil and also increases the disease tolerance to the host plant. The fungal pathogens cause huge loss to vegetable crops when infected. In order to overcome this problem, the influence of AMF in the control of fungal plant pathogens is studied. AMF, Glomus sp. was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of tomato plants. The wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici was cultured from the infected roots of tomato plants. The interaction of AMF and soil borne pathogen was carried out in tomato by in vitro and pot culture experiment using Glomus sp. and wilt causing pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici. In vitro interaction of AMF root and fungal pathogen resulted in the formation of clearing zone around the root indicating the production of antimicrobial compounds from the mycorrhizal root that arrested the mycelial growth of the fungal pathogen. The pot culture experiment revealed that the pre AMF – post pathogen inoculation to tomato reduced the disease incidence, and increased the plant growth, dry weight, N, P, K content, chlorophyll content and yield of the plant.


Keywords: Lycopersicon esculentum, Wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Glomus sp. biocontrol
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Merina Prem Kumari, S. and Jeberlin Prabina, B. 2019. Protection of Tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum from Wilt Pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, Glomus sp.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 1368-1378. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.159