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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 1250-1263
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.144


Soil Pesticide Residues in Orchard based Land Use Systems across Different Agro-climatic Zones of Himachal Pradesh
Sukh Pal Singh Brar* and I.D. Sharma
Department of Entomology and Apiculture, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan – 173 230 Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The soils were collected from different orchard and uncultivated fields, from four agroclimatic zones of Himachal Pradesh viz., 1) sub tropical sub montane and low hills 2) temperate sub-humid mid-hills 3) wet temperate and high hills 4) dry temperate high hills cold desert, and pesticide residue study was carried out in Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Entomology and Apiculture, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India. More than 90 per cent soil samples analysed from different zones of the state have shown presence of various pesticide residues viz., DDT, HCH, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos, pyrethroids, dicofol and chlorothalonil. Apple orchard soils were found to contain highest ensdosulfan residues followed by HCH and DDT residues. In mango orchard soils dicofol was detected in addition to the apple soil contaminants. Further, the most common insecticide residues in Himachal soils are DDT, HCH, endosulfan, chlorpyrifos, dicofol, pyrethroids and chlorothalonil in the order of decreasing contamination.


Keywords: Pesticide residue, HCH, DDT, Chlorpyrifos, Endosulfan, Orchards
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How to cite this article:

Sukh Pal Singh Brar and Sharma, I.D. 2019. Soil Pesticide Residues in Orchard based Land Use Systems across Different Agro-climatic Zones of Himachal Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 1250-1263. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.144