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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 822-829
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.092


Impacts of Integrated Farming System on Socio-economics and Livelihood Sustainability of Small and Marginal Farmers in Chhattisgarh
Anil Kumar Netam1*, Birbal Sahu2 and Chainu Ram Netam3
1AICRP on IFS – On Farm Research, IGKV, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India
2Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India
3College of Agriculture & Research Station, Bemetara, Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The integrated farming system study was conducted at farmers field of village –Mohpur, Block- Kanker, District- Uttar Bastar Kanker (C.G.) under All India Coordinated Research Project on Integrated Farming System- On Farm Research, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker during July, 2017- June, 2018 for finding the contribution of total income to the livelihood of farmers who practices integrated farming system. Study was conducted in crop + vegetable + dairy + Goatry + piggery + poultry + duck + fisheries + lac cultivation + minor forest produce + FYM & vermi-compost + Azolla production farming system in 1.0 hectare area under irrigated condition. Out of one hectare area, 0.606 ha was allotted for crop component i.e field crops (rice, blackgram, pigeon pea, sweet corn) & vegetables (tomato, brinjal, onion, potato, peas, chilly, cucubits etc), 0.2 ha for lac cultivation, 0.13 ha for fisheries, 0.006 ha for organic manure production, 0.03 ha for animal husbandry & poultry and 0.03 ha for residency & other. Growing field crops and vegetables with 60 percent area in order to meet the family food requirement and in addition to get better profit out of these produce. The results of one year study of integrated farming system indicated that the economic yield was 244.69 q with the highest been contributed by vegetables (116.52 q), followed by organic manure (87.65 q), field crops (30.80), animal husbandry (2.85 q), minor forest produce (2.80 q), Azolla production (1.44 q), lac cultivation (1.40 q), fisheries (0.70 q) and poultry (0.53 q). Similarly annual total net return of the IFS model was Rs. 217591.00 with the highest been contributed by vegetables (Rs. 101860), followed by field crops (Rs. 34067), organic manure production (Rs. 24130), lac cultivation (Rs. 17440), animal husbandry (Rs. 17010), poultry (Rs. 14530) minor forest produce (Rs. 5630), fisheries (Rs.4700) and Azolla (Rs. 1584). Effective recycling of farm by products and waste in terms of FYM (46.4 q), vermicompost (32 q), goat manure (7.6 q) and poultry manure (1.65 q) and can save Rs. 30150.00 per year. The total annual mandays generated for family members by IFS model was 619 and highest been contributed by vegetable production (265 mandays) followed by animal husbandry (108 mandays). Thus, we can conclude that adoption of integrated farming systems improves the profitability and achieve sustainable production by effective recycling of natural resource in addition to meeting family needs.


Keywords: Integrated farming system, Production, Socio-economics, Livelihood, employment, Resource recycling
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How to cite this article:

Anil Kumar Netam, Birbal Sahu and Chainu Ram Netam. 2019. Impacts of Integrated Farming System on Socio - economics and Livelihood Sustainability of Small and Marginal Farmers in Chhattisgarh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 822-829. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.092