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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 513-524
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.056


Growth and Yield of Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.)] as Influenced by Different Intercropping System in Kymore Plateau of Madhya Pradesh
S.K. Ahirwar1*, K.K. Agrawal2 and H.S. Kushwaha3
1Jawaharal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chhindwara
480 003 Madhya Pradesh, India
2Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Jawaharal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya, Jabalpur 480 004 Madhya Pradesh, India
3Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishvavidhyalaya, Chitrakoot, Satna,485 334 Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The experiment was conducted at the Research farm, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya, Jabalpur (MP) during Kharif 2009 and 2011 with a view to study “Effect of different intercropping system on growth and yield of ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.)] in Kymore Plateau of Madhya Pradesh”. Showed that the plant height did not differ between different treatments at early stage (30 DAS) but at maturity stage, it attained significantly taller plants when intercropped with red gram during both years. Ashwagandha at early (30 DAS) as well as maturity stage was almost unaffected by the maximum branches 1.30 and 5.35 in ashwagandha grown with green gram (3:1). LAI was not-significantly affected due to intercropping system with varied row ratio (3:1 and 4:1). Though, it attained maximum 5.18 at 120 DAS. Plant dry weight was found at peak growth period of ashwagandha viz. 60 and 120 DAS was significantly higher in ashwagandha sole, Ashwagandha + red gram (3:1 and 4:1), Ahawagandha + niger (4:1). The significantly produced higher root yields (518 kg/ha) over all other intercropped stands producing tuber yields between 392 to 430 kg/ha. Amongst the intercropping systems, ashwagandha grown with the sesame (4:1) gave the highest root yield of 430 kg/ha. Ashwagandha equivalent yield was recorded significantly maximum under ashwagandha + red gram in 3:1 and 4:1 row proportion 6.27 and 6.25 kg/ha which exhibited statistically at par with sole Ashwagandha (609 kg/ha).


Keywords: Intercropping system, Ashwagandha, Oilseed and Pulses
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How to cite this article:

Ahirwar, S.K., K.K. Agrawal and Kushwaha, H.S. 2019. Growth and Yield of Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.)] as Influenced by Different Intercropping System in Kymore Plateau of Madhya Pradesh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 513-524. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.056