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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 2232-2241
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.260


Interaction of Different Dietary Levels of T-2 Toxin with Experimental Salmonella Gallinarum Infection in Broiler Chicken and its Amelioration with Arginine and Vitamin E Supplementation
B.K. Ramesh1*, H.D. Narayanaswamy2, M.L. Satyanarayana3, Suguna Rao3 and Srikrishna Isloor3
1ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Hagari – 583 111, Ballari (Tq), Karnataka, India
2Karnataka Veterinary Animal Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar, Karnataka, India
3Department of Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bengaluru -560 024, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An interaction between different dietary levels of T-2 toxin and Salmonella gallinarum infection was studied in broiler chicken and the role of dietary supplementation of arginine (ARG) [22 g/kg] and vitamin E (VE) [80 mg/kg] in minimizing salmonella persistence in the system was evaluated. Ninety eight day-old commercial broiler chicks were randomly allotted in equal numbers to the following groups. The Group I had two subgroups- Positive Control (PC) and Negative Control (NC) and dietary T-2 toxin level was 0.0 in both the subgroups. Groups II, III, and IV received 0.25ppm, 0.50ppm, 1ppm of dietary T-2 toxin. Arginine (22 g/kg) and vitamin E (80 mg/kg) were supplemented to Groups V and VI which respectively had 0.0 and 1 ppm of dietary T-2 toxin. The test diets were fed for 0-35 days. Each bird in different groups excepting those of NC was challenged orally with 107 CFU of S. gallinarum on day 28. Feed efficiency was significantly (P≤0.05) low after the salmonella challenge in all the toxin fed groups compared to PC. FCR in ARG and VE supplemented birds was similar to that of NC despite being challenged with salmonella. Birds fed with 0.5ppm of T-2 toxin recorded significantly (P≤0.05) higher viable counts of salmonella in liver on day 7 PI whereas birds fed 1ppm of toxin showed higher viable counts on days 3 and 7 PI compared to positive control birds. However, ARG and VE supplemented birds recorded significantly (P≤0.05) lower viable counts on day 7 PI. The study revealed a significant interaction between T-2 toxin and S. gallinarum and dietary supplementation of ARG and VE was effective in clearing the salmonella organisms from the system.


Keywords: T-2 toxin, S. gallinarum, Interaction study, Arginine, Vitamin E, Amelioration
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How to cite this article:

Gallinarum Infection in Broiler Chicken and its Amelioration with Arginine and Vitamin E Supplementation.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 2232-2241. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.260