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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 96-104
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.012


A Study of Pesticide Consumption Pattern and Farmer’s Perceptions towards Pesticides: A Case of Tijara Tehsil, Alwar (Rajasthan)
Sucheta Yadav* and Subroto Dutta
Department of Environmental Science, MDS University, Ajmer-305009, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy in India as it provides food and livelihood security. The industrialization of agriculture has favored the use of plenty of agrochemicals including fertilizers, pesticides, micro nutrients, and plant growth regulators in the agricultural fields. Pesticides are an integral part of modern agriculture. The use of pesticides in agriculture is obvious for the prevention of crop-damaging pests, fungus, unwanted plants (weeds) and a number of crop-eating animals like rodents etc. The present research was designed to study the consumption pattern of pesticides, farmer's knowledge about the safe handling and application of pesticides and their practices on pesticide usage. In-depth field surveys were undertaken with 500 farmers and complemented with focus Group Discussions, Interview, Questionnaires, and Field Observation. The results showed that the consumption pattern of pesticides included Insecticides (61.11%), Herbicides (22.22%) and fungicides (11.11%). Organophosphates were the most frequently used pesticides followed by neonicotinoid and pyrethroid. It was found that the cotton (93.27%) was the high pesticide consuming agroproduct followed by vegetables (87.2%), wheat (66.4%), millet (52.6%) and mustard (12.6%). It was also observed that the farmers have poor scientific knowledge of handling and spraying of pesticides. Safety measures while spraying of pesticides is not being practiced by the farmer at large. Many of the farmers were found smoking and chewing tobacco while spraying pesticides.49.8% of the respondents claimed immediate health hazards after pesticide application. There is no safe chemical, but there are safe ways to use chemicals.


Keywords: Organophosphate, Pesticides, Insecticides, Consumption, Neonicotinoid, Pyrethroid
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How to cite this article:

SuchetaYadav and Subroto Dutta. 2019. A Study of Pesticide Consumption Pattern and Farmer’s Perceptions towards Pesticides: A Case of Tijara Tehsil, Alwar (Rajasthan).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 96-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.804.012