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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(12): 733-744
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.084


Analysis of Health Care Associated MRSA and Community Acquired MRSA and its Risk Factors
Rajani Ranganath1* and G.S. Vijaykumar2
¹Department of Microbiology, Raichur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India
²Department of Microbiology, Shridevi Institute of Medical Sciences, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

To analyze Health care associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) and Community Acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) strains and its risk factors. We studied the risk factors for HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA infections among patients of different wards at Navodaya Medical College, Raichur, from December 2013 to November 2014. Clinical isolates of Staphylococcus isolated from nose, axilla, groin, wounds, gastrostomy tubes, endotracheal tips and inguinal areas of the patients were confirmed as Staphylococcus aureus by tube coagulase test and Methicillin resistance was detected by oxacillin broth dilution method as per CLSI guidelines. Antibiotic susceptibility profile of the community acquired and hospital acquired MRSA against a set of antibiotics was detected by Kirby bauer method. 121 strains of MRSA (24.2%) were isolated. 91 (75%) were HA-MRSA and 30 (25%) were CA-MRSA strains. Highest numbers of HA-MRSA and CA-MRSA isolates were from nose. Significant correlation (P < 0.05) was observed between the types of MRSA, different wards, sites, and lengths of hospital stay. Antibiotic resistance rate was less in CA MRSA compared with HA MRSA isolates. 100% susceptibility to Linezolid, quinupristin/dalfopristin, tigecycline, tetracycline and cotrimoxazole was seen in all isolates of MRSA. Bacteriological confirmation of Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA and antibiotic susceptibility is very essential in the management of community acquired and hospital acquired staphylococcal infections.


Keywords: HA-MRSA,CA-MRSA,Risk factors, Antibiotic resistance
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How to cite this article:

Rajani Ranganath and G.S. Vijaykumar. 2016. Analysis of Health Care Associated MRSA and Community Acquired MRSA and its Risk Factors.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(12): 733-744. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.084