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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 2426-2435
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.286


Breeding, Calf and Health Management Practices Opted by Buffalo Owners in Junagadh and Porbandar Districts of Gujarat: A Comparative Study
B.A. Pata, M.D. Odedra, H.H. Savsani, A.R. Ahlawat, T.K. Patbandha and A.B. Odedara
College of Veterinary Science & A.H., Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh – 362001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was conducted in Junagadh and Porbandar districts of Gujarat to compare breeding, calf and health management practices opted by buffalo owners (n=300). Majority of farmers practiced natural service (59%), late heat for insemination (76.34%), pregnancy diagnosis (90%) and treatment of anoestrous/repeaters buffaloes (90.33%). Most of respondents attended calving and took care of calves after parturition (98%) and cleaned calves (93.67%). However, few farmers practiced ligation/ cutting and disinfection of navel cord (14.33%) and feeding colostrum to calf (33.33%). Such above managemental practices varied between Junagadh and Porbandar districts (P0.05). Majority of owners dewormed their calves (71.67%), allowed to suckle (77%) one teat (91.33%) and offered greens (96.67%) or concentrate (94.67%) to calves at 3 months of age. Majority of respondents practiced vaccination (84.67%) particularly F.M.D. (68.67%), but few farmers dewormed their animals (11%). Buffalo owners cleaned water trough/ manger on every day in most cases (59.67%), but cleaned the shed on every alternate day (47.67%). Cleaning practices of waterer/ manger and shed differed statistically between the two districts (P0.05).Majority of owners isolate sick buffaloes (87.67%), used medicine for ectoparasites (80.67%), washed hind quarter after placenta expulsion (93%) and called livestock inspector to treat their buffaloes (55.33%). Calling livestock inspector or veterinary doctors for treatment of buffaloes varied in both districts (P0.05). Metabolic disorder was major problem in buffaloes (50.33%). Comparatively more number of owners in Porbandar reported reproductive problems but in less instance metabolic disorder than Junagadh district (P0.05).Above results indicated that farmers were aware about different breeding, calf and health care management practices. Further, certain managerial practices also differed markedly between Junagadh and Porbandar districts.


Keywords: Breeding, calf, health, management, buffaloes
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How to cite this article:

Pata, B.A., M.D. Odedra, H.H. Savsani, A.R. Ahlawat, T.K. Patbandha and Odedara, A.B. 2019. Breeding, Calf and Health Management Practices Opted by Buffalo Owners in Junagadh and Porbandar Districts of Gujarat: A Comparative Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 2426-2435. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.286