International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 2311-2321

Bioplastics for Food Packaging: A Review
Rukhsana Rahman*, Monika Sood, Neeraj Gupta, Julie D. Bandral, Fozia Hameed and Shafia Ashraf
Division of Food Science and Technology, S. K. University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Chatha - 180 009, J & K, India
*Corresponding author

In the past years, various studies have been done on biodegradable materials to replace petroleum based plastics for food packaging application. For this purpose, biopolymers are considered the most favorable material because of their biodegradable nature and long shelf life properties like resistance to chemical or enzymatic reactions. Keeping in view the non-renewable nature and waste disposal problem of petroleum based plastics; newer concept of use of bioplastics came into existence. Bioplastics are derived from renewable resources i.e. produced from agro/food sources, materials such as starch, cellulose, protein etc. used for packaging materials and which are considered safe to be used in food applications. Bioplastics made from renewable sources are compostable or degradable by the enzymatic action of micro-organisms and gets hydrolysed into CO2, CH4, inorganic compounds or biomass. The beneficial uses of bio-origin materials obtained from microbial fermentations, starch and cellulose has led to their immense innovative uses in food packaging in the last few years. The biodegradable packaging materials are highly beneficial in one time use or short-duration packaging requirements. The main function of biodegradables like any other packaging material is to protect the contents from surrounding and maintain its quality throughout the storage life. They are widely used to pack low shelf life products, like fresh fruits and vegetables, and high shelf life products, like pasta and chips, which does not require very high oxygen and/or water barrier properties. To increase the mechanical properties, and water barrier properties, the bioplastics can be blended easily with other biopolymer as well as nanofillers. The dependency on limited petroleum resources has been reduced with the developments in the bio-based packaging. Thus, the bioplastics serve as an eco-friendly substitute for the use of non-renewable and non-biodegradable plastic based packaging materials and the study of recyclable and biodegradable polymers is fascinating and developing area in packaging science.

Keywords: Petrochemical plastics, Bioplastics, Biodegradable packaging, Blend, Recyclable, Renewable resources, Agricultural byproducts, Biopolymers, nanofillers
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How to cite this article:

Rukhsana Rahman, Monika Sood, Neeraj Gupta, Julie D. Bandral, Fozia Hameed and Shafia Ashraf. 2019. Bioplastics for Food Packaging: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 2311-2321. doi: