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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 2293-2310
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.273


Strategies to Minimize the Impact of Antibiotic Resistance in Livestock Production System
Ankaj Thakur1*, Atul Kumar 2, Manoj Sharma3, Rohit Kumar4 and Brij Vanita5
1Department of Livestock Farm Complex
2Department of Vety Public Health & Epidemiology
3Department of VAHEE,
5Department of Veterinary Anatomy, CSKHPKV, Palampur, India
4LPM, ICAR-NDRI, Karnal, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Antibiotics play an indispensable role in animal health, welfare and production management. They find their place is as sub-therapeutic, prophylactic, metaphylactic and therapeutic agents for use in livestock sector. However, the possibility for transfer of antibiotics resistance genes among livestock through food chain and environment is probably a direct threat to public health. This review focuses on the prudential use of antibiotics and advocating various practices which can potentially minimize the usage of antibiotics in livestock production system. Adopting good husbandry practices (GHP), organic livestock production, manure management practices, regular testing of antibiotic residues in food of animal origins, using alternative to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) are among the promising practices to minimize the need of antibiotics. This will eventually help in reducing contribution of livestock sector towards emergence of antibiotic resistance. Prophylactic alternatives (vaccines, immune modulators, phage therapy), therapeutic alternatives (selective dry cow therapy, supplementation of vitamins and minerals, ozone therapy, ethno veterinary practices, rare earth elements) and implementing good veterinary practices (GVP) can also support mankind’s effort in combating antibiotic resistance. Finally, increasing consumer awareness and strengthening the regulatory control of antibiotic usage will definitely prove fruitful in containment of emerging problems associated with antibiotic resistance.


Keywords: Livestock production system, Antibiotic resistance
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How to cite this article:

Ankaj Thakur, Atul Kumar, Manoj Sharma, Rohit Kumar and Brij Vanita. 2019. Strategies to Minimize the Impact of Antibiotic Resistance in Livestock Production System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 2293-2310. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.273