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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 2139-2142
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.256


Problems of Cotton Farmers in Haryana
Reeta Devi Yadav* and Rita Goel
Department of Extension Education and Communication Management, I.C. College of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cotton the “white gold” is premier industrial crop of major cotton growing countries like China, India, United States of America, Pakistan, Brazil, Uzbekistan, Egypt, Argentina, Australia and Turkey which accounts for nearly 85 per cent of the total global production. Apart from the increasing production of synthetic fibre, cotton has maintained its reputation as “king of the fibre crops”. It is world’s most important textile fibre and oil seed crop. The present study was conducted in Sirsa and Fatehabad district of Haryana state, purposively in the year 2015-16. Two blocks viz. Nathusari Chopta and Sirsa from Sirsa district and Bhuna and Bhattukalan from Fatehabad district were selected purposively. From each block one village was selected randomly and fifty farm families from each village were selected, thus making 200 families and total 400 respondents (husband and wife from each family). Interview schedule was used and data were collected personally, frequency and percentage were used to interpretation and analysis. Data regarding problems faced by respondents in cotton cultivation were climatic, seeds, fertilizer, irrigation, plant protection, shortage of labour and marketing. From climatic problems, unexpected rain (98.0%) followed by outbreak of pests/diseases (94.0%), regarding problem of seed majority of respondents had faced the problem of adulterated seed (93.0%) and high cost of seed (83.5%), while non-availability of seeds reported by 30.0 per cent of the respondents. High cost of fertilizer as their major problem (99.0%), high cost of pesticides and chemicals (99.0%), adulteration (82.0%), high cost of labour wages (77.5%) majority had reported very less MSP (98.0%) followed by low rate of return (96.0%) respectively.


Keywords: Cotton cultivation, Farmer’s problem, Seeds, Haryana
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How to cite this article:

Reeta Devi Yadav and Rita Goel. 2019. Problems of Cotton Farmers in Haryana.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 2139-2142. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.256