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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1423-1429
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.166


Analysis of Carbapenem Susceptibility Pattern among Acinetobacter isolates in a Tertiary Care Hospital
K.  Vishnu Preya* and R. Nepoleon 
Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Science, Kulasekharam, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an extensively-drug-resistant pathogen implicated in healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) such as ventilator associated pneumonia, urinary tract infection, bacteremia, septicemia, secondary meningitis, wound infection etc. In the recent past carbapenems had been drugs of choice for serious infections with Acinetobacter baumannii, but carbapenem resistant strains are rapidly emerging. This study assesses the prevalence and mechanisms of resistance for Meropenem, Imipenem among Acinetobacter species isolated from a tertiary care center. Aim is to study the carbapenem susceptibility pattern among Acinetobacter isolates in a tertiary care hospital. This is a prospective study carried out in a teritiary care teaching hospital in the coastal district of Tamilnadu. A total of 1411 samples were obtained from July to December 2017 were analysed. All the Acinetobacter isolates from the clinical samples were included in this study. Bacterial isolates were identiļ¬ed using standard methods. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done by Kirby bauer disc diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards and Institutional guidelines. Results The prevalence of Acinetobacter baumannii is 6.54% and maximum number of positive samples belongs to patients above the age of 60 years with a mean age of 57.13. Majority of the culture positive isolates belong to males with the maximum number of samples were from pus. 45% of the culture positive isolates were sensitive of Meropenam with 100% resistance to imipenam. The sensitivity of Meropenam in urine, pus, sputum, other samples were 55.6%, 47.06, 66.67% and 20% respectively. For body fluids and blood both Meropenam and imipenam were resistant to all samples.


Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii, Carbapenem susceptibility pattern
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How to cite this article:

Vishnu Preya, K. and Nepoleon, R. 2019. Analysis of Carbapenem Susceptibility Pattern among Acinetobacter Isolates in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1423-1429. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.166