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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1275-1283
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.151


Recent Advances in Breeding of Tomato- A Review
Payal Sharma, Seema Thakur* and Radhika Negi
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Solan at Kandaghat, Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is one of the most important vegetable crops under solanaceous group which can be grown both under open field conditions and greenhouses. Tomato has achieved high popularity especially in the  recent years because of lycopene’s anti-oxidative activities and anti-cancerous functions. The cultivated tomato has been used in genetic studies because of the ease with which it can be easily manipulated and also its diversity present within the population. The most important breeding techniques used in order to improve tomato has been  the method of hybridization followed by pedigree selection. Among all the methods, the back cross method of breeding has been used to transfer the desirable traits from the wild species to cultivated varieties. Breeding methods like pedigree methods, single descent method in combination with the molecular approaches have been found to be useful. Tomato has presented as an example for gene transfer from uncultivated into cultivated cultivars for development of improved varieties of the qualitative traits. Till now the achievements are through different traditional breeding methods. It is the need of the hour to  use the traditional method in combination with the recent approaches which takes less time to develop a variety. The population of the country is increasing day by day and to meet the requirement of the whole country, breeder need to develop the high yielding varieties by the use of the combined application of traditional breeding and plant biotechnology methods. Marker-Assisted Selection might prove to be a valuable tool for tomato breeding.


Keywords: Tomato, Wild type, Self pollination, Floral biology, Flavour
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How to cite this article:

Payal Sharma, Seema Thakur and Radhika Negi. 2019. Recent Advances in Breeding of Tomato- A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1275-1283. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.151