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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1112-1137
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.134


Climate Smart Agriculture and Climate Change
Santosh Kumari1*, Tej Pal Singh2 and Shiv Prasad3
1Division of Plant Physiology
2Seed Science and Technology
3Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi, India 110012
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Agricultural practices and technological changes for agricultural production may allow 30-50% of land use for Afforestation that leads to the increased terrestrial stock of carbon. Carbon sequestration in forest soils decreases CO2 in the atmosphere and projected climate variability. CO2 fertilization effect and rise in temperature may affect plant growth and net primary productivity (NPP) by increasing soil respiration and increasing available nitrogen by mineralization. Global scenarios that need extra land to produce food, feed, and biomass energy generation result in low carbon storage. Building soil organic carbon (SOC) by multipurpose crops, woody perrenials, cover crops, effective crop rotations, minimum tillage and crop residue management is critical for supporting biological processes, nutrient availability and hydrological cycle. The conservation and precision agriculture saves fertilizer inputs, land, and water resources and reduces the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG). Agro-biodiversity offers a choice of diverse crops and ecosystem services, and options of different varieties reduce the risk of crop failure at farmers’ fields. Crop species diversity and genetic diversity within species makes stable and productive agroecosystem that is less likely to harm by the variability of climatic factors, i.e., temperature, moisture, and photoperiod. C3 and C4 plants are grown at different times/seasons of the year and have different nitrogen requirement and root architecture (symbiont and non-symbiont). A legume provides biological nitrogen fixation, but phosphorous and potassium input would be required for maximization of yield potential. Diverse cropping systems conserve biodiversity, soil (SOC), water quality, and reduce fertilizer use thereby cut GHG emission. Family farmers have the knowledge of ecological and community requirements, past failure and consequences, therefore, their involvement in the technology-based agriculture help in finding realistic solutions for sustainable resource management.


Keywords: Agricultural practices, Biodiversity, Carbon sequestration, CO2 fertilization, GHG emissions, Resource management
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How to cite this article:

Santosh Kumari, Tej Pal Singh and Shiv Prasad. 2019. Climate Smart Agriculture and Climate Change.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1112-1137. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.134