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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 1030-1036
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.125


Study on Prevalence of Diarrhea among Children with Special Reference to Rotavirus in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu, India
A. Shanthi1* and C.K. Bhuvaneshwari2
Department of Microbiology, Thanjavur Medical College, Thanjavur-613004, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Diarrhoeal diseases are the second most common cause for mortality in children below 5 years of age. Life threatening gasteroentritis in children are most commonly caused by Rotavirus infection. Worldwide, more than half a million children under the age of five years die each year due to diarrhea. In 2013, an estimated 215,000 of these deaths were due to Rotavirus, with more than 90% occurring in developing countries. Rotavirus is the cause of 23-39% of diarrhoea in children. A rotavirus infection usually starts with a fever and vomiting, followed by 3-8 days of watery diarrhea. The infection can cause abdominal pain as well. Prevalence of rotavirus infection varies according to age, season and geographical area. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of rotavirus and to provide useful epidemiological and clinical data for rotavirus surveillance. About 80 children who are all diagnosed as having acute gastro enteritis and admitted in the pediatric ward were included in this study. This study was done over a period of one year from July 2014 to June 2015.In this study youngest child was one month old and oldest child was 4 years 10 months old. More than 80% of RVGE cases were identified to be under two years of age in Thanjavur district and also it is most prevalent in the winter months with common symptoms of diarrhoea and vomiting. This was the First study using Rota antigen ELISA test for Serological diagnosis of rotavirus in Thanjavur medical college and hospital for 80 samples.


Keywords: Diarrhoea, Rotavirus, Gasteroentritis, Thanjavur
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How to cite this article:

Shanthi, A. and Bhuvaneshwari, C.K. 2019. Study on Prevalence of Diarrhea among Children with Special Reference to Rotavirus in Thanjavur, Tamilnadu.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 1030-1036. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.125