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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 485-514
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.061


Analysis of Dengue Fever among Patients Attending Dutse General Hospital in Jigawa State
Mustapha Bashir Kazaure*
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, College of Science and Technology, Jigawa State Polytechnic Dutse, Nigeria, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study was conducted from February 2018 to July 2018 among patients attending Dutse General Hospital. The study was aimed at determining the analysis of DENV fever among patients and describes the month-wise trend of the disease. A total of 390 blood serum samples were collected and DENV specific IgM and flavivirus IgG antibodies were determined by in-house enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Out of 390 febrile cases, 54 (13.9%) were found to be positive for anti-DENV IgM. Among the 54 dengue positive cases, 37 (68.5 %) were primary DENV infection and 17 (31.5%) were secondary DENV infection. The most affected age group was 36-45 years (20.4%) and least affected group being 6-15years (8.3%). Prevalence in difference age groups was statistically significant (p = 0.021). Primary DENV fever was common among the age group between 36-45 years while secondary dengue affected mostly the age group 26-35 years. In terms of primary DENV infection against secondary DENV infection, it was observed that infants (<1 year) were the most affected but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.057). The relationship between gender and DENV infections was not statistically significant (p = 0.936). Although, females aged between 26-35 years (p = 0.010) and males aged above 46 years (p = 0.012) were the most affected with DENV infection. Month-wise distribution of DENV infection was observed in February (20.0%) with least occurrence in July (4.7%). The association between the month and occurrence of disease was not statistically significant (p = 0.325). The present study has reported 13.9% prevalence of Dengue virus infections as the cause of acute undifferentiated fever among febrile patients in Mombasa County. Thus, calls for government attention to develop resources at hospital laboratories for early dengue diagnosis and management of patients, coupled with general awareness among the public and constant vigilance by the health care officials could help in combating dengue.


Keywords: Dengue fever, ELISA, DENV, Acute fever, Mombasa county
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How to cite this article:

Mustapha Bashir Kazaure. 2019. Analysis of Dengue Fever among Patients Attending Dutse General Hospital in Jigawa State.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 485-514. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.061