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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(3): 463-471
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.058


Emerging Rickettsial Diseases: an Analysis of Undifferentiated Acute Febrile Illness Cases from a Tertiary Care Hospital in New Delhi
Garima Gautam*, Manoj Jais, Anupam Prakash and Harish K. Pemde
Department of Microbiology, First floor, Lal building, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Connaught Place, New Delhi 110001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Rickettsial diseases are an important cause of undifferentiated acute febrile illness. The lack of classical manifestations can make their diagnosis difficult. Even though the diseases are endemic in India, they are less reported from New Delhi and surrounding regions. Aim is to estimate the seropositivity of Rickettsial infections in cases of undifferentiated acute febrile illness from a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi and to analyze their clinical profile. This prospective observational study was conducted from November 2016 to March 2018. Samples were first screened for Typhoid, Dengue, Chikungunya and Malaria. Samples seronegative for these diseases were tested further by Weil- Felix test (WFT) and clinical findings were recorded on a pre designed proforma. Data was analyzed using statistical software SPSS version 21. A total of 370 seronegative samples were tested. Out of 370 cases, 12.4% (46) cases were positive by Weil- Felix reaction and most of the cases showed titre between ≥1:80- ≥1:160. Of the positive cases, 7.29% were positive for scrub typhus (OXK) and 3.78% cases were positive for tick typhus (OX2) whereas only 1.35% cases were found positive for typhus group (OX19). The most common presentation was fever with headache and pulmonary manifestations or rashes. The most common laboratory findings were increase in AST/ALT, anaemia and thrombocytopenia. The findings of our study indicate significant presence of rickettsial diseases in cases of undifferentiated febrile illness in Delhi population.


Keywords: Rickettsial diseases, Weil Felix Test (WFT), Scrub typhus, Acute febrile illness, Eschar
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How to cite this article:

Garima Gautam, Manoj Jais, Anupam Prakash and Harish K Pemde. 2019. Emerging Rickettsial Diseases: an Analysis of Undifferentiated Acute Febrile Illness Cases from a Tertiary Care Hospital in New Delhi.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(3): 463-471. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.058