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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 3156-3164
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.369


Socio Economic Scenario of the Farming Community Living in Climate Sensitive Indian Sundarbans
Suchandra Dutta1*, Sanjit Maiti2, Sanchita Garai2, Mukesh Bhakat2 and Subhashis Mandal3
1Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia 741252, West Bengal, India
2ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India
3ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Canning Town, South 24 Parganas 743329, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Indian Sundarbans is a coastal delta and major climate hotspot located in the state of West Bengal. The delta faces significant climatic challenges. The residents mainly depend on agriculture, livestock rearing and fishing. They face challenges of poverty, marginalization and an acute struggle against geo-climatic events. The present study was conducted to know the socio economic status of the farming community under the given resources viz. demographic, physical, economic, natural and social. A total of 120 mixed farmers were randomly selected from 10 villages of 5 blocks of Indian Sundarbans for the purpose of the study. The independent variables were calculated using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation methods. Based on the primary data which were collected by personal interview, it was found that the respondents were marginal farmers having average operational land holding of 0.41 hectare. The cropping intensity was 155.10 percent which means the area is under two crops in a year. They practiced diversified cropping pattern in an agriculture year in upland, medium land and lowland area.53.83 percentage of land holding was supplied with irrigation annually. The herd composed of cattle, sheep and goat. The productivity of both indigenous and cross bred cattle was 1.53kg/day and 2.90 kg/day respectively which were very low. 53.96 percent of the average income was earned from crop cultivation, 15.67 percent from livestock and 29.96 percent from fisheries.42.5 percent household having credit accessibility and majority did not get credit from any sources. All the respondents had experienced extreme climatic events during last 10 years. It was found that 31.67 percent of the family respondent had migrated to cities in search of employment. 81.67 percent respondents were having extension contact. Out of which 86.73 percent having extension contact for crop cultivation, 70.41 percent having extension contact for livestock rearing and 45.92 percent having extension contact for fishing. This study provides a reasonable coverage of key socio-economic dimensions that will help the policy maker while formulating any strategies for the farming community of the climate sensitive Indian Sunderbans.


Keywords: Socio economic status, Climate change, Farming Community, Indian Sundarbans, Agriculture, Livestock rearing, Fishing
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How to cite this article:

Suchandra Dutta, Sanjit Maiti, Sanchita Garai, Mukesh Bhakat and Subhashis Mandal. 2019. Socio Economic Scenario of the Farming Community Living in Climate Sensitive Indian Sundarbans.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 3156-3164. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.369