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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 2915-2927
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.340


Ethanol from Softwood Biomass: Review Article
Divya Tandon1 and Nivedita Sharma2
1Department of Microbiology, SILB, Solan
2Microbiology Research Laboratory, Department of Basic Sciences, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP) – 173 230 India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pine waste generated as needle biomass is a serious threat to our environment in Himachal Pradesh in terms of recalcitrance of soil as well as forest fire. According to forest department, 22% of total forest in state is fire prone due to pine trees abundance and their needles being rich in antimicrobial compounds are not degraded down easily in nature. The bioconversion can be attained by pretreating the needles with a devised chemical solution, hydrolyzing with in house depolymerising enzymes to reduce the cost of production process for commercialization and fermentation of ethanol by suitable co-cultures of ethanologens. The ethanol so produced is a viable alternative in the field of bio-energy to conventional fuel. The main aim of developing this technology for biofuel production from pine needles waste is to join the global race for energy security and independency. As energy is a life line of global economy. Diminishing fossil fuel reserves, ever escalating fuel prices and increased concern over environment pollution have prompted global research community to accelerate the need to look for renewable and environmentally sustainable energy processes and this bioconversion process can be a boon to state as well as nation if being transferred to the technology starved industry.


Keywords: Ethanol, Softwood biomass, Depolymerising enzymes
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How to cite this article:

Divya Tandon and Nivedita Sharma. 2019. Ethanol from Softwood Biomass: Review Article.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 2915-2927. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.340