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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 2394-2403
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.279


Effect of Heat Stress and Amelioration by Antioxidants on Expression Profile of Pro- and Anti-Apoptotic Genes in in vitro Matured Bovine Oocytes
Jafrin Ara Ahmed1*, Nawab Nashiruddullah2, Devojyoti Dutta, Iftikar Hussain3, Anubha Baruah and Arup Dutta
1Division of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry
2Division of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology-Jammu, RS Pura-181102, Jammu & Kashmir, India
3State Biotech Hub, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati-781022, Assam, India
Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Guwahati-781022, Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Heat stress often leads to apoptosis of oocytes through generation of free radicals. The use of antioxidants has been found to mitigate the harmful effects of these free radicals and probably apoptosis itself. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of heat stress on expression profile of genes related to apoptosis (pro-apoptotic Bad and Bax; and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2) during oocyte maturation and the ameliorating effects of select antioxidants- viz. melatonin and zinc. In the experiment, bovine oocytes were divided into 4 groups and Group II, III, IV was matured under heat-stress at 41°C. Moreover, group III and IV were supplemented with antioxidant melatonin and zinc respectively, incorporated in the oocyte maturation medium (OMM), while Group II served as antioxidant control and was matured with OMM alone. Group I served as control and was matured without heat-stress (38.5°C) and antioxidant supplementation. After maturation, the total RNA was isolated for Bcl-2, Bax and Bad expression. It was found that there was up regulation of Bad and Bcl-2 gene expression during induced heat-stress without any supplementation (Group-II). Bax was down regulated in all groups, while Bad was down-regulated in melatonin and zinc supplemented groups. It is speculated that supplementation with zinc probably induced early maturation changes in the oocyte and induced an early meiotic arrest, which was associated with a sharp decline in all apoptosis modulator transcripts. It sis concluded that by detoxifying ROS, antioxidants may therefore subsequently reverse the ROS-induced decline in Bcl-2 and prevent apoptosis.


Keywords: Apoptosis, Bovine, Heat stress, IVM, Oocyte, Gene expression, Melatonin, Zinc
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How to cite this article:

Jafrin Ara Ahmed, Nawab Nashiruddullah, Devojyoti Dutta, Iftikar Hussain, Anubha Baruah and Arup Dutta. 2019. Effect of Heat Stress and Amelioration by Antioxidants on Expression Profile of Pro- and Anti-Apoptotic Genes in in vitro Matured Bovine Oocytes.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 2394-2403. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.279