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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1654-1660
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.194


Heterosis Studies for Yield and Horticultural Traits in Capsicum (Capsicum annuum L. var. grossum Sendt.)
C.B. Hegde, S.C. Pant, J.C. Thilak and A. Paliwal
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, (VCSG UUHF, Bharsar) Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation entitled “Heterosis and Combining Ability Studies for Yield and Horticultural Traits in Capsicum (Capsicum annuumL. var. grossum Sendt.)” was carried out at Vegetable Research and Demonstration Block of Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry, Bharsar, during 2016-2017. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications. Six diverse capsicum lines were crossed in a diallel fashion (excluding reciprocals) to obtain fifteen cross combinations to study heterosis and combining ability for yield and other horticultural traits. Significant heterobeltiosis was observed in desirable direction for all traits. Similarly, significant increase or decrease heterosis over check (Indham Bharat) was observed for all the traits under study. Eleven crosses over better parent and three crosses over the commercial check exhibited positive and significant heterosis for yield per plant. The cross California Wonder×LC-10 (18.49%) exhibited maximum heterosis over the better parent and commercial check, followed by California Wonder× SolanBharpur (16.76%) and SolanBharpur×LC-10 (97.08%). Hybrids performed better in yield and other horticultural traits that opened the way for further evaluation and release as hybrids. Hence, California Wonder×LC-10, California Wonder× SolanBharpur and SolanBharpur×LC-10 can be recommended for commercial cultivation after multi-location testing.


Keywords: Heterosis, Capsicum, Hybrid breeding, Yield, Horticultural traits
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How to cite this article:

Hegde, C.B., S.C. Pant, J.C. Thilak and Paliwal, A. 2019. Heterosis Studies for Yield and Horticultural Traits in Capsicum (Capsicum annuum L. var. grossum Sendt.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1654-1660. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.194