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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(12): 277-290
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.030


Periodic Surveillance of Systemic Infection Antibiogram a Necessity –A Retrospective and Prospective Study
Shanmuga Vadivoo Natarajan1*, G. Kalaiselvi1, B. Usha2 and B.K. Padmavathi3
Department of Microbiology, Annapoorana medical college & Hospital, Salem-636308, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Periodic monitoring and surveillance of hospital antibiogram is mandatory because making an Antibiogram is the first step before framing Hospital Antibiotic policy. In this study, during the reference period (Retrospective -January 2013-December 2014 & Prospective period-January 2015-December 2015) a periodic surveillance of Anatomic site wise stratified antibiogram for blood, wound/soft tissue, respiratory and urine samples was done  as per CLSI guidelines. Prevalent rates of Multi Drug resistant (MDR) pathogens-ESBL Enterobactericiae, MRSA, MDR Gram negative Non fermenters were reported. Prevalent Blood stream Pathogens were Klebsiella (17.2%) & CONS (27.2%), Wound pathogens Pseudomonas (25.3%) & Staphylococcus aureus (26.4%), Respiratory tract Pathogens Klebsiella (36.1%) & Pseudomonas (22.4%) and Urinary tract Pathogens E.coli (45%), & Klebsiella (17%). Klebsiella had improved susceptibility for Respiratory & Blood stream infection when compared to UTI. Pseudomonas showed improved susceptibility profile for both wound and respiratory infection. Drug resistance increased for E.coli during the reference period. Staphylococcus was reported with increasing susceptibility profile when compared with Enterococci. Though there was increasing trend in sensitivity percentage for most of the antibiotics during the prospective period when compared to retrospective period a narrow spectrum of sensitivity was observed for commonly used antibiotics.


Keywords: Periodic Surveillance, Antibiogram
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How to cite this article:

Shanmuga Vadivoo Natarajan, G. Kalaiselvi, B. Usha and B.K. Padmavathi. 2016. Periodic Surveillance of Systemic Infection Antibiogram a Necessity –A Retrospective and Prospective Study.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(12): 277-290. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.512.030