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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1456-1469
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.169


Integrating Soil Solarization and Seed Biopriming to Manage Seedling Damping-Off in Flower Nurseries
Deepa Khulbe*
Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station (Coastal Zone), Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The effect of soil solarization for a month in integration with seed biopriming with Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescens and seed treatment with fungicides was studied in two flower crop nurseries of calendula and aster, raised in succession. Nursery beds were solarized for 30 days using polyethylene sheet of three colours viz. transparent white, black and red; and three thicknesses (50G, 200G and 400G). The damping-off incidence in first crop (Calendula) was minimum (28.6 per cent) in plots solarized with 400 gauge white polyethylene 8in combination with Vitavax seed treatment as compared to the 89.5 per cent damping-off in non-solarized control plots. An increase of 10-12 oC in average weekly soil temperature was recorded in solarized soil with maximum soil temperature ranging between 50-54oC in soil mulched with white or red polyethylene sheet. The effect of solarization lasted even after 60 days of solarization as the damping-off incidence in second nursery crop too was minimum (30.0%) in plots solarized with 400 gauge white polyethylene in combination with biopriming with P. fluorescence as compared to the 63.6 per cent damping off in non-solarized control plots. The performance of soil solarization with polyethylene sheets of different colours and thickness were at par in terms of reduction of damping off in aster. Significant increase in the seedling growth was observed due to the soil solarization in all the treatments. Highest shoot length (16.50 cm) was observed in treatment involving solarization with 400 gauge polyethylene sheet in combination with Vitavax seed treatment, in calendula, as compared to the 3.3 cm shoot length in non-solarized control plots. Growth promontory effect of solarization was also observed in second nursery crop aster. Highest shoot length (2.8 cm) was observed in treatment involving solarization with 50 gauge polyethylene sheet in combination with no seed treatment.


Keywords: Floriculture nursery, Solarization, Damping-off, Polyethylene thickness, Seed biopriming
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How to cite this article:

Deepa Khulbe. 2019. Integrating Soil Solarization and Seed Biopriming to Manage Seedling Damping-Off in Flower Nurseries.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1456-1469. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.169