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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1399-1415
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.164


Origin and Remediation of Melanoidin Contamination in Water Sources
Ranjan Singh1*, Tanim Arpit Singh2, Trashi Singh3, Rajeeva Gaur4, Prabash Kumar Pandey5, Farrukh Jamal6, Shikha Bansal7, Laxmi Kant Pandey8, Surendra Sarsaiya9, Jitendra Nagpure10, Saket Mishra11, Manogya Kumar Gaur12, Priyanka Gupta7, Priyanka Uikey7, Subhendra K. Patel7 and Rakhi Patel7
1Choithram College of Professional Studies, Indore (M.P.), India
2Department of Biosciences, Maharaja Ranjit Singh College of Professional Sciences, Indore (M.P.), India
3Cyanobacterial Research Lab, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur (M.P.), India
4Department of Microbiology, 6Department of Biochemistry, Dr. R.M.L. Avadh University, Ayodhaya (U.P.), India
5Department of Biochemistry, Allahabad University (U.P.), India
7Department of Botany and Microbiology
8Department of Biotechnology,St. Aloysius College Autonomous, Jabalpur (M.P.), India
9Zunyi Medical University, China
10Mycology Research Lab, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur (M.P.), India
11Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board, Bhopal (M.P.), India
12Balrampur Sugar Mill, Balrampur (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Distillery is one of the most highly polluting and growth oriented industries in India with reference to the extent of water pollution and the quantity of wastewater generated. Apart from distilleries, fermentation industries, sugar mills, pharmaceutical companies and other molasses based industries are also responsible for contamination and generation of waste water. The distillery waste water contains dark brown colored recalcitrant compounds collectively termed as melanoidin polymers. These polymers cause oxygen depletion and increase BOD. In soil they reduce the soil alkalinity and manganese availability, inhibit seed germination and affect vegetation. The distillery wastewater poses a serious threat to water quality in several regions of the country. Its disposal on land is equally detrimental causing a reduction in soil alkalinity and inhibition of seed germination. The conventional methods of water treatment fail to remove melanoidin. There is thus an urgent need to control and remediate the melanoidin contamination and in current perspective microorganisms have proved to be an efficient scavenger. They have shown tremendous ability to utilize melanoidin as their source of nutrition and remediate the polluted water. The microbial approach for treatment of melanoidin contamination seems to be the solution over the conventional methods that fail to remove the contamination of pigment.


Keywords: Spent wash, Distillery, Wastewater, Melanoidin
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How to cite this article:

Ranjan Singh, Tanim Arpit Singh, Trashi Singh, Rajeeva Gaur, Prabash Kumar Pandey, Farrukh Jamal, Shikha Bansal, Laxmi Kant Pandey, Surendra Sarsaiya, Jitendra Nagpure, Saket Mishra, Manogya Kumar Gaur, Priyanka Gupta, Priyanka Uikey, Subhendra K. Patel and Rakhi Patel. 2019. Origin and Remediation of Melanoidin Contamination in Water Sources.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1399-1415. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.164