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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1068-1079
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.126


Impact of Different Shelter Designs on Haematological Profile in Dairy Cattle of Tamil Nadu, India
A. Paramasivam1, P.S.L. Sesh2*, T. Sivakumar1, P. Tensingh Gnanaraj1 and P.T. Suraj1
1Department of Livestock Production and Management
2Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, Madras Veterinary College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Tamil Nadu – 600 007, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was carried out to assess the impact of shelter designs on the production performance of dairy cattle in the three selected agro – climatic zones of Tamil Nadu, viz. Southern, Cauvery delta and High rainfall zones. The effects of various shelter designs on the haematological parameters were analyzed. The whole blood samples were collected throughout the year i.e. in all the four seasons, viz., winter, summer, south-west monsoon and north-east monsoon. For each season, a total of thirty samples (in duplicate) were collected from five housing types, each comprising of six individual cattle from the three agro-climatic regions for measuring the haematological profile. The blood parameters, namely WBC count, RBC count, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, PLT, MPV, PDW and PCT were estimated using automated haematology analyzer in all the above samples. The results of WBC count, MCH, MCHC and PCT values showed significant difference between all the four seasons in all the three agro-climatic zones, while the results of RBC count, Hb, HCT differed significantly between all the four seasons in Cauvery delta and Southern zones and PLT values differed significantly between seasons in the Southern and High rainfall zones. With respect to housing types, besides the seasonal variation mentioned above, the results of MCV differed significantly in Cauvery delta and High rainfall zones, while the results of WBC count and MCHC differed significantly only in Cauvery delta zone. The interaction between the influence of Seasons and Housing types on haematological profile showed significant differences for PDW in High rainfall zone and for PCT in Cauvery delta zone. Factor analysis study of this haematological profile with other climatic, biochemical and production parameters in all the three zones revealed that in Southern and Cauvery delta zones open housing is best and in High rainfall zone thatched roof system is the best.


Keywords: Shelter designs, Haematological parameters, Dairy cattle
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How to cite this article:

Paramasivam, A., P.S.L. Sesh, T. Sivakumar, P. Tensingh Gnanaraj and Suraj, P.T. 2019. Impact of Different Shelter Designs on Haematological Profile in Dairy Cattle of Tamil Nadu, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1068-1079. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.126