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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 1022-1027
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.119


Bacteriological Profile of Conjunctivitis in Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Rural Hospital in Hyderabad
A.K. Radhika, S. Kiranmai* and Rajive K. Sureka
MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur, Medchal mandal, R.R. District, Telangana State, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva is known as conjunctivitis. Bacterial infections account for up to 50-70% of all conjunctivitis cases. Bacterial conjunctivitis is common and affects all age groups. Clinical evaluation and microbiological analysis is valuable for specific treatment. This study was undertaken to elicit bacterial profile and their antibiotic susceptibility of conjunctivitis. This study was carried out in the departments of Ophthalmology and Microbiology of Mediciti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur, Hyderabad for period of 3 months. Clinical data and Conjunctival swabs collected from patients with clinically diagnosed as acute conjunctivitis were processed by Gram’s stain, culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing by standard methods and as Chronic conjunctivitis were processed by Geimsa stain. The data was presented as percentages and proportions. 95% confidence intervals were calculated wherever applicable. All calculations were done using SPSS version 16. Of the total 60 samples processed 15(25%) were sterile. Acute conjunctivitis was seen in 80% while chronic conjunctivitis in 20%. In our study both eyes were affected in 84%. 11 swabs showed more than one isolate. Of the total organisms (56) isolated, majorly were Coagulase negative Staphylococcus (76%) among Gram positive bacteria (88.8%) and majorly Klebsiella species (9%) among Gram negative bacteria (11.1%). The maximum antibiotic sensitivity of the isolates was against ceftazidime (94.20%) followed by Gentamicin (78.8%) while the maximum resistance was against Ampicillin (94.2%) followed by Ciprofloxacin (73.1%). Most bacteria were susceptible to wide range of antibiotics. So, starting the treatment with higher antibiotics should be minimized. However, the choice of antibiotics should be made on the basis of microbiological report.


Keywords: Conjunctivitis, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus, Antibiotics
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How to cite this article:

Radhika, A.K., S. Kiranmai and Rajive K. Sureka. 2019. Bacteriological Profile of Conjunctivitis in Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Rural Hospital in Hyderabad.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 1022-1027. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.119