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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 566-579
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.064


In vitro Efficacy of Native Trichoderma Isolates against Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani (Kuhn.) causing Damping-off Disease in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Miller)
Markidahun Biam*, Dipali Majumder and Heipormi Papang
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural University, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro efficacy of native Trichoderma spp. against Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani (Kuhn.) causing damping-off disease in Tomato. One hundred eighty soil samples were collected from 11 districts of Meghalaya and ninety seven Trichoderma isolates were obtained. Rapid screening against damping off pathogens (Pythium spp. and R. solani) of tomato revealed that 20 isolates showed maximum antagonism and subsequently 20 best isolates were selected for further analysis. Isolate TR 55 isolated from tomato rhizosphere was found to be the most effective isolate against both Pythium spp. and R. solani Kuhn, showing an inhibition percentage of 89.26% and 87.41% respectively, followed by other isolates like TR 66, TR 122 and TR 136. Screening for the PGPR and biocontrol potential of the twenty potential isolates revealed that all isolates were found positive for IAA production, ACC deaminase production and phosphorous solubilization, whereas 17 positive for chitinase production, 16 isolates were found positive for siderophore and ammonia production and 13 isolates were positive for HCN production.


Keywords: Meghalaya, Damping off, Trichoderma spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia solani, Tomato, per cent inhibition, PGPR and biocontrol potential
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How to cite this article:

Markidahun Biam, Dipali Majumder and Heipormi Papang. 2019. In vitro Efficacy of Native Trichoderma Isolates against Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia solani (Kuhn.) causing Damping-off Disease in Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Miller).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 566-579. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.802.064