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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 2418-2428
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.255


Paddy Straw and Maize Stalks Compost for Cultivation of Agaricus bisporus
Sukhmandeep Kaur*, Mehakpreet Kaur, Rajni Devi and Shammi Kapoor
Department of Microbiology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Composting is carried out under aerobic thermogenesis to prepare a selective substrate for Agaricus bisporus production. Conventionally, wheat straw based synthetic compost is used for its production. Use of paddy straw as such tends to make the composting process anaerobic leading to low quality compost and low yields. In the present study, an alternative high yielding compost formulation based on paddy straw + maize stalks as a substitute to the existing wheat straw based compost has been made. The physicochemical characteristics of the composts revealed their moisture, pH, temperature, C:N ratio to be within the range of 58.7-67.3%, 6.4-7.9, 42.1-76.4°C,37.7:1-16.6:1 respectively. During different stages of mushroom cultivation i.e. at zero day of compost, final grade compost, pin head stage, after first flush and at crop termination the straw was analysed for proximate composition. NDF, ADF, Cellulose and hemicellulose content was significantly reduced upto pin head stage and ranged from (70.20-46.20%), (52.41-33.72%), (36.37-20.69%), (17.59-8.57%) respectively and stable thereafter in all the compost. Total ash content showed increment and ranged from 10.90-21.37%. There was no decline in the lignin content during different stages of composting and crop production. Yield data indicated maximum yield (13.6 kg/q compost) in paddy straw + maize stalk (1:1) compost with 1563 fruit bodies/ q compost. It was observed that paddy straw + maize (1:1, w/w) compost was better degraded than paddy straw + maize stalk (2:1, w/w) and paddy straw composts. From the recent study, it was concluded that paddy straw + maize stalk (1:1, w/w) compost was the best formulation which could be further exploited for large scale production of mushrooms for small and marginal farmers.


Keywords: Agaricus bisporus, Paddy straw, Maize stalk, Composting, Proximate analysis
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How to cite this article:

Sukhmandeep Kaur, Mehakpreet Kaur, Rajni Devi and Shammi Kapoor. 2019. Paddy Straw and Maize Stalks Compost for Cultivation of Agaricus Bisporus.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 2418-2428. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.255