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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 2312-2316
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.242


Screening of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Hepatitis C Antibody in Pre-Operative Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kanyakumari District, India
V.R. Vidhya*
Department of Microbiology, Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, Kulasekharam, K.K. Dist, Tamilnadu-629161, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The term viral hepatitis refers to primary infection of liver by any one of the heterogeneous group of hepatitis virus which currently consists of types A, B, C, D, E and G Hepatitis virus infection occurs as an acute illness. HBsAg (Hepatitis B surface antigen) is the most common marker of infection, which is present in high concentrations in early acute infections and is continued to be produced in chronic disease. The present study is undertaken because there is paucity of data indicating prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among pre-operative patients admitted in our hospital. Data is collected from the records available in the serology section of Microbiology Department in the Central Lab of Sree Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences, kulasekaram, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu. 600 serum samples of the preoperative patients admitted in this institution were received in the serology section during a period of six months from May 2018. These samples were analysed for HBsAg antigen and hepatitis C antibody (HCV). All samples were subjected to immunochromatographic test and positives were confirmed by ELISA. Out of the 600 serum samples collected, 15 samples were found to be positive for HBsAg. None of the samples were positive for hepatitis C antibody. Out of the 15 patients positive for HBsAg, 4 (26.6%) had history of previous surgery, 3 (20%) patients had history of previous blood transfusions and 3 (20%) had history of previous dental procedures. In our hospital the 15 patients (2.5%) out of 600 pre-operative patients were positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen. None of the patients were positive for Hepatitis C antibody.


Keywords: Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C antibody, ELISA
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How to cite this article:

Vidhya, V.R. 2019. Screening of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Hepatitis C Antibody in Pre-Operative Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Kanyakumari District, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 2312-2316. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.242