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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(11): 877-884
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.100


Determination of PAH and BTEX in Water Samples of Adriatic Sea using GC/FID
Xhejni Borshi1*, Aurel Nuro2, Guido Macchiarelli1 and Maria Grazia Palmerini1

1Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Italy

2Chemistry Department, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Albania
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of this study was determination of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Benzene, Toluene, o-, m-, p-Xylenes and Ethylbenzene (BTEX) concentrations in water samples from central Adriatic Sea, Durres, Albania. The stations were Porto-Romano (PR), Port of Durres (PD) and Durres-Golem beach (DG). Water samples were taken in 18 stations (PR-6stations, PD-5 stations and DG-7 stations) in June 2016.The stations were selected in two important Albanian sea ports with higher shipping activities and in a coastal line for more than 15 km. Determination of PAHs and BTEX were realized by gas chromatography with flame ionization detector. PAHs were extracted using liquid-liquid technique assisted by Dichloromethane as extracting solvent. After remove of water the samples were concentrated to 1 ml and were injected in GC/FID.For extracting and injecting BTEX from water samples were used HS-SPME technique. Water samples, especially those taken from PR, showed higher concentrations of PAHs and BTEX compounds. This could be mostly due to ship-sourced oil, other than direct discharge of petroleum industry, naval and urban activities. This study highlighted the importance of a continuous monitoring of chemical pollution connected to human activities in the Adriatic Sea, in order to assess risks to the health or survival of wildlife species.


Keywords: Adriatic Sea, PAH, BTEX, Water samples, Gas chromatography
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How to cite this article:

Xhejni Borshi, Aurel Nuro, Guido Macchiarelli and Maria Grazia Palmerini. 2016. Determination of PAH and BTEX in Water Samples of Adriatic Sea using GC/FID.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(11): 877-884. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.100