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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 1413-1422
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.150


A Review on Breeding for Quality Protein Maize
M.R. Tamvar, S.R. Patel, R.K. Patel, H.N. Patel*, A. Dinisha and S.S. Patil
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, COA, NAU, Bharuch-392012, Gujarat, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In maize, zeins are the main protein components of seed stores. It is the major determinants of nutritional imbalance when utilized as the sole food source. Zeins having four subfamilies (α, β, γ, and δ). Among these, α zeins are the major prolamin subunits in maize. Opaque-2 (o2) is a natural recessive mutation that is exploited for breeding varieties. However, it possessed some adverse pleiotropic effect so, the combination ofopaque-2 allele with its genetic modifiers composed to breed QPM genotypes that having a hard kernel with a high content of lysine and tryptophan. However, the biochemical analysis of lysine and tryptophan content is expensive as well as it is endosperm-specific.so, conventional breeding alone is inefficacious for the nutritional enrichment of maize. By using RNAi, it is proved that down regulation of 22kDa α zeins than the 19kDa α component is the biochemical basis of QPM phenotype. Whereas, marker-assisted selection (MAS) provide excellent opportunities for the conversion of elite normal in breds to homozygous recessive o2forms by using opaque-2 gene-specific markers.


Keywords: Opaque-2, Nutritional value, Quality protein maize (QPM), Marker Assisted Breeding (MAB)
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How to cite this article:

Tamvar, M.R., S.R. Patel, R.K. Patel, H.N. Patel, A. Dinisha and Patil, S.S. 2019. A Review on Breeding for Quality Protein Maize.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 1413-1422. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.150