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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 1343-1350
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.143


Effect of Soil Working Techniques on Moisture Conservation, Growth, Yield and Fruit Cracking of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Kandhari
Prativa Sahu1* and N. Sharma2
1ICAR- Indian Institute of Water Management, Bhubaneswar, Odisha-751023, India
2Department of Fruit Science, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (H.P.) 173 230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An experiment on soil working techniques like CBOC (crescent bund with open catchment pits), mulching and pre-harvest spray of forchlorfenuron and boron was carried out on seven-year-old plants of pomegranate cultivar Kandhari trained as four stems grown under rainfed conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Experimental plants were subjected to 11 treatments, viz., mulching, CBOC, CPPU (forchlorfenuron) at 5 or 10 ppm, H3BO3 at 0.2 or 0.4%, mulching + CPPU at 5 ppm or H3BO3 at 0.2%, CBOC + CPPU at 5 ppm or H3BO3 at 0.2% and control. These treatments were applied in mid-March (soil working techniques) and mid-May (forchlorfenuron and boron). Between the two applied soil working techniques, crescent bund with open catchments pits conserved higher soil moisture content at all the observation dates than mulching. Growth parameters like plant height, plant spread, trunk girth and annual shoot growth were observed significantly higher under the treatment CBOC + H 3BO3 at 0.2% due to higher moisture availability. However, leaf area and leaf chlorophyll content were recorded significantly higher under the treatment CBOC + CPPU at 5 ppm. Physiological characteristics such as photosynthetic rate and transpiration rate were higher in the plant under crescent bund with open catchment pits. The extent of fruit cracking was reduced to the lowest level (2.8%) from 11.67% in control and highest fruit yield (26.8Kg/plant) was recorded when the plants were given foliar application of CPPU at 5 ppm under CBOC. These results suggest that, soil working technique- crescent bund with open catchment pit can be employed to conserve higher soil moisture in rainfed conditions for improving growth and production of pomegranate.


Keywords: Pomegranate, Soil working techniques, Crescent bund with open catchment pits, Soil moisture conservation, Growth, Fruit cracking
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How to cite this article:

Prativa Sahu and N. Sharma. 2019. Effect of Soil Working Techniques on Moisture Conservation, Growth, Yield and Fruit Cracking of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. Kandhari.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 1343-1350. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.143