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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 314-321
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.033


Quantitative Analysis of Calculi in 20 Cases of Canine Urolithiasis
Ninoska Pereira, S.V. Upadhye, P.T. Jadhao, S.B. Akhare, S.P. Salvekar and P.M. Sonkusare
Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Calculi analysis to determine the chemical composition is important for treatment and prevention of urolithiasis. Quantitative crystallographic analysis using powdered X-Ray diffraction was used to study calculi of 20 cases of canine urolithiasis surgically operated between December 2017 to July 2018 at the TVCC, Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur. Pure phase, double phase and triple phase crystalline compounds were identified. The analysis revealed the presence of pure phases like Struvite (05 cases), Calcium carbonate (01), Calcium oxalate monohydrate (06 cases), Gabazine bromide (01 case) and combinations of Struvite and Benitoite (02 cases), Calcium oxalate monohydrate and Calcium carbonate (02 cases), Calcium carbonate and Graphite and 7- aminoheptan-2-one (02 cases), and Struvite and 1,5-penta decanediol (01 case). Amorphous material was also identified besides the mineral composition and the structural composition of the calculi were identified as orthorhombic, tetragonal and monoclinic crystals in 6 samples each, distorted orthorhombic in 5, distorted tetragonal in 3 and graphanic structure in 2 samples. Thus, the XRD was found to be very a useful method for calculi analysis in canine for advising the diet of dogs for preventing chances of recurrence.


Keywords: Urolithiasis, Calculi analysis, Dogs, XRD
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How to cite this article:

Ninoska Pereira, S.V. Upadhye, P.T. Jadhao, S.B. Akhare, S.P. Salvekar and Sonkusare, P.M. 2019. Quantitative Analysis of Calculi in 20 Cases of Canine Urolithiasis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 314-321. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.033