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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(1): 121-132
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.015


Influence of Modified Soil Environment on Growth and Yield of Summer Baby Corn (Zea mays L.) as Affected by Irrigation and Mulch in West Bengal
Trisha Manna*1, G. Saha1, M.K. Nanda1, D. Dutta2 and A. Saha2
1Department of Agricultural Meteorology and Physics,
2Department of Agronomy,
B.C.K.V, Nadia, West Bengal-741252, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Two years field experiment was conducted during pre-kharif seasons of 2016 and 2017 at Instructional Farm, Jaguli, B.C.K.V, Nadia, W.B, to study the effect of irrigation and mulches on soil environment modification, growth, yield attributes and yield of summer baby corn (Zea mays L.) var. G5414-F1 hybrid. The experiment was designed in split plot with three replications. The treatments comprised of three levels of irrigation (IW: CPE 1.0, 0.8 and 0.6) as main plot and four levels of mulching (no mulch-control, 30µ polythene mulch, paddy straw mulch @4 t ha-1 and geotextile mulch @ 500 g m-2 ) as sub plots. Results revealed that significantly taller plants, maximum number of functional leaves plant-1, higher root and shoot length, shoot diameter and yield attributes i.e. length, weight and girth of baby cobs (with and without husk) were obtained by IW: CPE 1.0 and polythene mulch. Significantly higher cob yield (2270 kg ha-1), corn yield (1795 kg ha-1) and green fodder yield (37 t ha-1) were recorded from the interaction effect of IW: CPE 1.0 and polythene mulch. Soil temperature at 5, 10 and 20 cm depth was lower in IW: CPE 1.0 and maximum under IW: CPE 0.6. Mulch with polythene recorded highest soil temperature at harvest compared to no mulch and paddy straw mulch at both the depths (5 and 10 cm). Higher soil moisture (%) was observed at 15-30 cm depth under IW: CPE 1.0 and polythene mulch during initial growth stages. Strong positive correlation was observed with soil temperature and different growth parameters, yield attributes and yield of summer baby corn.


Keywords: Baby corn, Irrigation, Mulch, Soil environment, Yield
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How to cite this article:

Trisha Manna, G. Saha, M.K. Nanda, D. Dutta and Saha, A. 2019. Influence of Modified Soil Environment on Growth and Yield of Summer Baby Corn (Zea mays L.) as Affected by Irrigation and Mulch in West Bengal.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(1): 121-132. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.801.015