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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(12): 2587-2590
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.293


Current Status and Future Prospects of Marker Assisted Breeding for Genetic Improvement of Minor Millets
Sushma Tiwari*, Sanjeev Kumar Yadav, Vinod Kumar Sahu and M.K. Tripathi
Department of Plant molecular Biology and Biotechnology, College of Agriculture, RVSKVV, Gwalior, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Millets, a powerhouse of nutrients, hold great potential in contributing substantially to food and nutritional security of the developing country. They are climate resilient crops and due to their unique nutritional characteristics, they contribute significantly in increasing demand for nutritious food and feed. Recently the government has renamed jowar, bajra, ragi and other millets as “Nutri Cereals”, instead of “coarse cereals”. These Nutri Cereals includes Sorghum (Jowar), Pearl Millet (Bajra), Finger Millet (Ragi/Mandua), Minor Millets: Foxtail Millet (Kangani/Kakun), Proso Millet (Cheena), Kodo Millet (Kodo), Barnyard Millet (Sawa/Sanwa/ Jhangora), Little Millet (Kutki) and two Pseudo Millets (Black-wheat (Kuttu) and Ameranthus (Chaulai) which have high nutritive value for production, consumption and trade point of view. Among millets, the sequencing of whole genomes of two millets sorghum and foxtail millet has been done. It will speed up the genomic selection of better performing millets by marker assisted breeding, QTL mapping, gene tagging etc. Marker assisted breeding can be speed up by doing multiplexed genotyping, next generation sequencing and targeted resequencing. Advance genomic tools can be applied in minor millets for analysis of germplasm resources, allele mining, QTL mapping, fine mapping, gene tagging, foreground and background selection, genome wide marker trait association for further improvement of millets. Thus detail analysis on all omics information i.e., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics could promote millets as model systems for biofortification of staple crops and enhance targeted nutritional values.


Keywords: Minor millets, Nutri Cereals, Genomic Improvement, MAS, Millet improvement
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How to cite this article:

Sushma Tiwari, Sanjeev Kumar Yadav, Vinod Kumar Sahu and Tripathi, M.K. 2018. Current Status and Future Prospects of Marker Assisted Breeding for Genetic Improvement of Minor Millets.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(12): 2587-2590. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.293