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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(11): 371-378
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.042


Correlation of Body Mass Index with Low Back Pain amongst Patients without Injury in a Nigeria Population
U.K. Ezemagu1*, C.I.P Anibeze1, C.O. Ani2 and G.C Ossi3
1Department of Anatomy, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria
2Department of Radiology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria
3Department of Radiology, National Orthopedic Hospital Enugu, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Low back pain in adult population constitutes a major health problem with debilitating consequences on both the sufferer and the society. Initial investigation of the patient with low back pain often includes plain radiography of lumbo-sacral spine. In this study, we tried to establish any correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Low Back Pain (LBP). Identification of any factor which may predispose to or aggravate LBP would be of benefit in the management of the condition.  This prospective study of adult out-patients with or without clinical history of low back pain but without injury, referred for lumbo-sacral radiography was conducted at National Orthopedic Hospital and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital both located in Enugu-Nigeria. A total of 114 adult out-patients, including 85 patients with clinical history of LBP was involved. Patient’s weight and height was measured with a health scale. Their BMI were calculated and categorized into four groups with patient’s age and gender bias as follows: less than 18.5kg/m2 “underweight”; 18.5 – 25.0 kg/m2 “normal weight”; 25.1 – 30.0 kg/m2 “overweight” and above 30 kg/m2 “obese”. Antero-posterior and lateral radiographs of lumbo-sacral spine of all the patients were assessed and categorized as follows; radiographs with evidence of spinal degenerative changes or other pathologies as positive report and those without as normal report. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test for correlation. RESULT- BMI was found to be significantly related to patient’s gender and age at P<0.01 and LBP at P<0.05. BMI is a relevant factor of LBP. Increase in BMI leading to overweight or obesity would serve as both aggravator and predictor of LBP. Considering BMI of LBP sufferers without a clear demonstrable etiology could serve as a preliminary diagnosis.


Keywords: Body mass index, Low back pain, Lumbo-sacral spine, Radiology report, Preliminary diagnosis,Enugu- Nigeria.
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How to cite this article:

Ezemagu, U.K., C.I.P Anibeze, C.O. Ani and Ossi, G.C. 2016. Correlation of Body Mass Index with Low Back Pain amongst Patients without Injury in a Nigeria PopulationInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(11): 371-378. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.042