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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 3538-3553
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.403


Effect of Organic Manures on Growth and Yield attributes of Beet Root Cv. Crimson Globe
Chitti Jagadeesh*, M. Madhavi, M. Siva Prasad and V.V. Padmaja
Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, Dr.Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Mojerla,Mahabubnagar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.), also called as garden beet or table beet, is one of the major root vegetable. It is grown in almost all states of India but in small scale only. It produces green tops and a swollen root used both as vegetable and salad. It is highly productive and usually free from pests and diseases (Ado, 1999). A field experiment was conducted during rabi, 2014 in alkali soils. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with three replicated 11 treatments viz., T1: FYM (100%), T2: Vermicompost (100%), T3: Neem cake (100%), T4: Poultry manure (100%), T5: Green manure (100%), T6: FYM (50%) + Vermicompost (50%), T7: FYM (50%) + Neem cake (50%), T8: FYM (50%) + Poultry manure (50%), T9: FYM (50%) + Green manure (50%), T10: RDF, T11: Control. The data were recorded on days required for germination of seedlings, plant height (cm), no of leaves per plant, specific leaf weight (g cm-2), crop growth rate (g m-2 d-1), relative growth rate (g g-1 d-1), net assimilation rate (g cm-2 d-1), SPAD value, leaf area (cm-2), root length (cm), root diameter (cm), root to shoot ratio, root yield per plot (kg plot-1), root yield per ha (t ha-1), harvest index (%).The early germination was recorded in poultry manure (100%) and it was at par with FYM (50%) + vermicompost (50%) and vermicompost (100%). The highest plant height and no of leaves was recorded with poultry manure (100%) which was at par with FYM (50%) + poultry manure (50%). The highest specific leaf weight, crop growth rate, net assimilation rate and leaf area were recorded with poultry manure (100%). The highest relative growth rate was recorded with vermicompost (100%). The highest SPAD value was recorded with RDF. Among the yield parameters the root length and harvest index were maximum with FYM (50%) + poultry manure (50%) where as root diameter was maximum with poultry manure (100%). The highest root yield was recorded with poultry manure (100%) which was at par with vermicompost (100%). The highest root: shoot ratio was recorded with FYM (50%) + poultry manure (50%) followed by vermicompost (100%).


Keywords: Organic manures, Specific leaf weight, Crop growth rate, Relative growth rate, Net assimilation rate, SPAD value, Root to shoot ratio and Harvest index
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How to cite this article:

Chitti Jagadeesh, M. Madhavi, M. Siva Prasad and Padmaja, V.V. 2018. Effect of Organic Manures on Growth and Yield attributes of Beet Root Cv. Crimson Globe.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 3538-3553. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.403