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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(11): 334-339
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.037


Volatile Constituents and Antimicrobial Activities of Dried Rhizome of Cyperus rotundus Linn.
Dipali Gupta1*, Vijender Singh2 and Nipun Agrawal3
1Department of   Pharmacognosy, Department of Pharmacy, Shri Ram Murti Smarak College of Engineering and Technology, 13km Bareilly-Nainital Road, Bhojipura, Bareilly, U.P., India
2School of Pharmacy, Sharda University, 32, 34 Knowledge Park – III,Greater Noida, U.P., India
3Department of Community Medicine, Sri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, 13km Bareilly-Nainital Road, Bhojipura, Bareilly, U.P., India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cyperus rotundus Linn, a sedge of the family of Cyperaceae, is a perennial herb. Commonly known as Nagarmotha is widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin areas. This plant grows naturally in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions and is found throughout India. Volatile constituents of the dried rhizomes of Nagarmotha by GC-MS resulted in the identification of thirty four components. The oil was characterized by seven monoterpenes (11.03%), twenty-five sesquiterepenes (78.25%) and two unknown compounds (10.72%). The monoterpenes present were four alcohols, two hydrocarbons and one ketone. The sesquiterpenes found were twelve hydrocarbons, eight ketones, three alcohols and one oxide and epoxide each. The monoterpene found in the highest proportion was Pinacarveol (2.64%) and the sesquiterpene found in the highest proportion was α-Gurjunene (21.99%). Volatile oil of dries rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus Linn in higher concentrations showed significant antibacterial activity against the strains of Bacillus subtilis (23mm) followed by Bacillus pumilis (17mm) and significant antifungal activity against Candida albicans (23mm). The benzene extract of rhizomes showed more potent anti-microbial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Candida albicans in comparison to chloroform and methanolic ectracts.


Keywords: Cyperus rotundus Linn., dried rhizomes, benzene, chloroform and methanolic extracts, volatile oil, sesquiterpenes,
α-Gurjunene.
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How to cite this article:

Dipali Gupta, Vijender Singh and Nipun Agrawal. 2016. Volatile Constituents and Antimicrobial Activities of Dried Rhizome of Cyperus rotundus Linn.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(11): 334-339. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.511.037