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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 2738-2748
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.314


Physiological Performance of Crossbred Cattle Calves (Karan Fries) under Different Housing Conditions during Different Seasons
Vaibhav N. Sanap1*, Ashutosh Ludri2, Nazir Ahmad Mir3, Bharath Kumar4 and Kamlesh Kumar Mittal5
1Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
3Krishi Vigyan Kendra Leh-Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, India
4Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services, Karnataka, India
5Department of Animal Husbandry, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Present study was done to examine the seasonal effects of different housing conditions on the performance of crossbred cattle calves (Karan Fries). Thirty healthy female calves of age between 5 and 6 months were selected and divided into five groups (six animals per group) and reared under different housing conditions for a period of 7 months. First group was reared under the scientifically designed calf shade at Livestock Research Centre at National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (control) and the remaining four groups were reared under different housing conditions identified based on their microenvironment from the nearby village Arinpura, District Karnal. Those were as follows Test Group I - the housing with walls and roof made up of brick and mortar, Test Group II – the housing with walls and roof made up of hatch and mud, Test Group III the housing with brick walls and asbestos roofing, Test Group IV – was simply reared under the tree. The influence of the housing microenvironment on the growth and various other physiological, haematological and endocrinal parameters was studied. The parameters like respiratory rate (RR), skin temperature (ST), white blood count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), growth hormone (GH), cortisol, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4) were found to be significantly affected by the housing condition provided. Though the feed intake and average daily weight gain of experimental calves was found to be increased with advance of age among all the housing systems, the feed intake and avg. daily weight gain among the calves under different housing systems was found to be significantly affected by seasonal variations. No much variation observed in the pulse rate (PR) and rectal temperature (RT) among the groups.


Keywords: Housing, Crossbred, Calves, Hematology, Hormone
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How to cite this article:

Vaibhav N. Sanap, Ashutosh Ludri, Nazir Ahmad Mir, Bharath Kumar and Kamlesh Kumar Mittal. 2018. Physiological Performance of Crossbred Cattle Calves (Karan Fries) under Different Housing Conditions during Different Seasons.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 2738-2748. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.314