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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 2524-2537
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.287


Commercial Multiplication of Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii Bolus ex. Hooker F.) from Young Capitulum Explants
R. Rashmi1*, C. Aswath2*, M.V. Dhananjaya2 and Satish R. Patil3
1College of Horticulture (UHS), Bagalkot, India
2Division of Floriculture and Medicinal Crops, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru, India
3Department of FLA, Kittur Rani Chennamma College of Horticulture, Arabhavi (UHS, Bagalkot), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An efficient protocol was developed for commercial multiplication of gerbera using young capitulum as explant across different varieties of gerbera. Media for culture establishment, shoot regeneration, multiplication were standardized. Mercuric chloride treatment (0.1%) for 2 minutes was found to be the best surface sterilant for capitulum explants resulting in the minimum per cent contaminated growing cultures (17.27%). For regeneration MS medium supplemented with 3mg/l BAP + 0.3mg/l NAA was found good. The capitulum of six gerbera varieties viz., Arka Krishika, Arka Nesara, Arka Ashwa, Basics, Morelia and Stanza were utilized. Regeneration from capitulum explants was achieved through direct organogenesis and cultures regenerated were multiplied up to five subculture cycles. The variety Arka Ashwa recorded the highest shoot regeneration percentage (70.0%) followed by Arka Nesara (51.25%). The number of segments regenerated was high in the Arka Ashwa (28.00) followed by Arka Nesara (20.50) and stanza (20.25). By repeated subculturing of the capitulum explant a high frequency of shoot multiplication was established in MS medium supplemented with 3mg/l BAP + 0.3mg/l NAA Arka Nesara recorded highest proliferation (2.3) rate in the 1st subculture followed by Arka Ashwa (2.28). Shoot multiplication was found very low in variety Morelia (1.2). Same trend was observed from 2nd subculture to 5th subculture. The described protocol seems to be technologically suitable for clonal multiplication of gerbera on a large scale, encompassing high genetic and quality propagation material. Within the short span a well acclimatized plants were obtained from a single initial capitulum explant, clearly revealing the potentiality of such technological strategy to overcome the lack of true-to-type propagation material.


Keywords: Gerbera, Micropropagation, Capitulum, Growth hormones
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How to cite this article:

Rashmi, R., C. Aswath, M.V. Dhananjaya, and Satish R. Patil 2018. Commercial Multiplication of Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii Bolus ex. Hooker F.) from Young Capitulum ExplantsInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 2524-2537. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.287