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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 2473-2492
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.282


Breeding for Climate Resilient Parthenocarpic Vegetables
P. Gangadhara Rao1*, B.V.G. Prasad1, T. Kranthi Kumar2, T. Lakshmi Tirupathamma1, P. Roshni1 and T. Tejaswini1
1Department of Vegetable Science
2Department of Fruit Science Dr. YSR Horticultural University, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The development of fruits without fertilization is known as parthenocarpy. Parthenocarpy improves the fruit quality, processing attributes, production and productivity of vegetable crops like tomato, cucumber, watermelon etc. Absence of seeds can enhances the shelf life of the fruits, allowing a better conservation, fruit set in adverse climatic conditions, early and offseason production of vegetable crops. Therefore, it is important to ensure yield stability regardless of environmental conditions. Breeding of new cultivars with the ability to develop fruits without pollination or any artificial stimuli is a promising approach. Parthenocarpic vegetables can be natural or can be induced artificially by various methods like, use of plant growth regulators, distant hybridization, mutation, use of irradiated pollen, alternation in chromosome number, gene silencing, gene modifications and genome editing tools. Therefore, present review is focused on genetics, nature of gene action, mapping of QTLs and various breeding methods to induce parthenocarpy in vegetable crops.


Keywords: Chromosomal Changes, Genome Editing Tools, Growth Regulators, Parthenocarpy, Vegetables
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How to cite this article:

Gangadhara Rao, P., B.V.G. Prasad, T. Kranthi Kumar, T. Lakshmi Tirupathamma, P. Roshni and Tejaswini, T. 2018. Breeding for Climate Resilient Parthenocarpic Vegetables.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 2473-2492. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.282