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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 1714-1719
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.196


Comparative Evaluation of Performance of Qualitative and Semiquantitative Slide Widal Test versus Quantitative Tube Widal Test in Diagnosing Enteric Fever
N. Keerthana1, R. Someshwaran2 and A. Dhanasekaran2*
1Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Othakkalmandapam, Coimbatore-641032, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Microbiology, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Othakkalmandapam, Coimbatore-641032, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Enteric fever still remains as an important cause for morbidity and mortality throughout the world and the causative organism for Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi A, B and C respectively. Objective of the study is to compare and evaluate the performance of Qualitative and semiquantitative Slide Widal test and Quantitative Tube Widal test for diagnosis of enteric fever. A cross sectional study was undertaken and about 400paired serum samples were obtained from the patients and were subjected to both slide and tube widal tests. The results were noted for further statistical analysis. Prevalence of Enteric fever by tube agglutination and slide agglutination tests were found to be 23% (92 out of 400 cases) and 13% (52 out of 400 cases) respectively. Though blood culture remains gold standard, its sensitivity is high only during the first week of fever. So, Widal test is the preferred test used by most clinicians especially during second week of fever. The sensitivity and specificity of tube widal test is much remarkable and so it can definitely be used as a diagnostic test. Slide Widal test can be used as supplementary test to Tube Widal test so as to fetch the results earlier and to facilitate early and appropriate management.


Keywords: Salmonella typhi, Typhoid fever, Septicemia, Infection control, Agglutination, Serological test, Blood culture, Sensitivity
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How to cite this article:

Keerthana, N.,  R. Someshwaran and Dhanasekaran, A. 2018. Comparative Evaluation of Performance of Qualitative and Semiquantitative Slide Widal Test versus Quantitative Tube Widal Test in Diagnosing Enteric Fever.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 1714-1719. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.196