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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here
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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(11): 1346-1354
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.157


First report on Biological Evaluation and Preliminary Screening of Fungal Endophytes from Spilanthes paniculata, a Medicinal Herb in Arunachal Pradesh, India
Richa Sharma, Sumpam Tangjang* and Tonlong Wangpan
Department of Botany, Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono Hills, Doimukh-791112, Arunachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Endophytes are important source of natural bioactive products because these fungal endophytes are able to take unique biological and ecological niches and grow in non-ordinary environments. Many natural bioactive compounds produced by medicinal plants are reportedly produced by their fungal endophytes. Spilanthes paniculata (locally called Marsang in Arunachal Pradesh) is known to possess medicinal properties. In the present study, the endophytic mycoflora of S. paniculata was studied. In order to isolate fungal endophytes, 150 segments (50 leaf, 50 stem, and 50 root samples) of 15 different plants of S. paniculata were screened. Finally, 110 isolates consisting of twenty different fungal genera, out of which, seven belonged to the class Ascomycetes, twelve (Deuteromycetes) and one (Ulvophycetes). Among the parts studied, the highest species richness as well as frequency of colonization was reported in Leaf. Overall, colonization frequency was determined 73.33% of surface sterilized tissue. Colletotrichum was found to be the most dominant endophytic species followed by Fusarium, Manokwaria and Oncopodium. It is worth mentioning that the genera Pestalotiopsis, Drecheslra, Cylindrocladium, Aspergillus, Nodulisporium were, first reported from Arunachal Pradesh. The present study was therefore, initiated to study the endophytic fungal population in S. paniculata, a commonly used medicinal plant in Arunachal Pradesh, northeast India.


Keywords: Endophytes, Fungi, Medicinal plant, Pharmaceutical products
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How to cite this article:

Richa Sharma, Sumpam Tangjang and Tonlong Wangpan. 2018. First report on Biological Evaluation and Preliminary Screening of Fungal Endophytes from Spilanthes paniculata, a Medicinal Herb in Arunachal Pradesh, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(11): 1346-1354. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.711.157