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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 2540-2550
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.295


Performance of Hot Air Puffing System for Corn
Madhuri Dahiwale*, P.S. Champawat* and S.K. Jain
Department of Processing and Food Engineering, CTAE, MPUAT, Udaipur-313001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Maize is a coarse grain and accepted as staple diet and its demand is increasing year by year. The maize production of India in 2011-2012 is 21.5 million tones and the area under production is 7.18 million hectares and yield is 1959 kg/hectares. Research work is carried out on performance of hot air puffing system for corn. The continuous hot air puffing system can be set to any puffing temperature from 180 to 270C and air velocity of 20 to 30 m/s. The performance of the developed machine was evaluated at different puffing temperatures (200C, 220C, 240C and 260C) and at different feed rate (50 g/min and 100 g/min). The optimum conditions for puffing of popped corn were found to be puffing temperature of 200C and feed rate of 100 g/min. The puffing percentage and expansion ratio of popped corn were observed to reduce with increase in puffing temperature and feed rate the maximum puffing percentage and expansion ratio were found at 200C as 86.51% and 13.36.


Keywords: Hot air puffing system, Puffing percentage, Expansion ratio, Hardness, Crispness, Popcorn
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How to cite this article:

Madhuri Dahiwale, P.S. Champawat and Jain, S.K. 2018. Performance of Hot Air Puffing System for Corn. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 2540-2550. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 2540-2550. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.295