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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 1297-1311
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.146


Fruit Morphology and Quality Parameter Studies of Global Custard Apple (Annona squamosa) Germplasms
Yashwant Kumar1, Ajay Kumar Chandra2*, Ashutosh Dubey3 and H.P. Gajera1
1Department of Biochemistry, College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat-362001, India
2Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering
3Department of Biochemistry, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttrakhand-263145, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Since time immemorial custard apple is intimately associated with humans. It is popularly known for their delicious fleshy fruit and lesser for antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. Because of its unique nutraceutical properties custard apple is widely cultivated throughout the globe. In view of this the present investigation was undertaken to study the morphological and fruit quality traits to define the available wide variability within the global custard apple germplasms. Accordance to this, the experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with 30 selected genotypes as the treatments with three replications for each defined traits. The results showed that the wide variability was present among custard apple genotypes for quantitative as well as qualitative traits. The fruit shape ranged from round to cordate, fruit weight varied from 98.8 to 170.1 gm, fruit length varied from 5.47 to 7.0 cm, fruit width varied from 5.57 to 7.13 cm, fruit volume varied from 77 to 178 cm3 and pulp to seed ratio ranged from 3.69 to 32.87. Likewise, qualitative traits such as total soluble solids, total carbohydrate, free amino acids, dietary fiber, Ascorbic acid and total carotenoids were recorded and it also varied largely between the genotypes. Thus, results from the present study indicate that there is abundant natural genetic variability available within the custard apple genotypes which might offer suitable genetic material for future nutri-agricultural research.


Keywords: Custard apple, Wide variability, Morphological characters, Quality trait, Fruit pulp
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How to cite this article:

Yashwant Kumar, Ajay Kumar Chandra, Ashutosh Dubey and Gajera, H.P. 2018. Fruit Morphology and Quality Parameter Studies of Global Custard Apple (Annona squamosa) Germplasms.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 1297-1311. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.146