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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 1274-1279
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.143


Utilization of Pine Needles for Development of Biobased Packaging Material
Leela Chauhan1, P. K. Omre1, T. P. Singh2, Anil Kumar3 and A. K. Verma4
1Department of Post-Harvest Process and Food Engineering
2Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering
3Department of Food Science and Technology
4Department of Biochemistry, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Utrakhan-263145, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Pine trees are evergreen growing at average height of 15-45 m with a diameter of up to 1.2 m. Pine needle are better known as Peerul in Uttrakhand. Pine needles, are adult leaves, which are green bundled in clusters with diameter of 1.5 mm and up to 20 cm length. Total pine needles available in India are 2.7 million tonnes per year (Pandey et al., 2011). Total pine needles available in India is 2.7 million tonnes per year, in India pine forests are widely found in the Indian Himalayan namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and the hill regions of 2 states viz. Assam and West Bengal - comprising about 95 districts of the country where found pine needle in adequate quantity (Bisht et al., 2014). The availability of cellulose is more than 50% in pine needle thus its utilization for packaging material can be explored for value added utilization of pine needles (Lal et al., 2013). The utility of bio based (pine needles) packaging materials as a potential alternative choice for petrochemical derived plastic is imperative for environment waste management and health safety concern. Pine Needles fall on the forest floor and make a thick layer since their decomposition is slow due to prevalent climatic conditions. Thick layer of un-decomposed needles is a major source of ground fires. Attempts have been made to use these needles to develop packaging materials for food materials. The experiments were performed on the varying amount of pine needles ranges from 50 to 100g with constant particles size, varying amount of pulp prepared from waste cardboard from 10 to 50g with constant plasticizer blended together. The prepared sample was compressed at constant pressure, holding time and temperature in order to obtained desirable mechanical properties of packaging material suitable for food packaging.


Keywords: Bio-based, Pine needles, Mechanical properties
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How to cite this article:

Leela Chauhan, P.K. Omre, T.P. Singh, Anil Kumar and Verma, A.K. 2018. Utilization of Pine Needles for Development of Biobased Packaging Material.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 1274-1279. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.143