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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 827-840
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.091


Impact and Seasonal Variability of Faecal Indicators Bacteria Contamination in Downstream Part of Comoe River and Its Two Tributaries (Côte d’Ivoire)
Kouamé Cyr-Kevin Yao1*, Ouattara Koffi Nouho1, Achiépo Odilon Yapo Mélaine2 and Ouattara Allassane1
1Laboratoire Pôle de Recherche Pêche et Aquaculture, UFR-SGE, Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire
2Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Données et d’Intelligence Artificielle, INSIA, 09 BP 4037 Abidjan 09, Côte d'Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The microbial pollution caused by human activities exposes urban areas of the Comoe River to major health risks linked to any pathogens presence. This study aims to assess microbiological water quality using fecal indicators bacteria (FIB) in order to determine potential risk for the populations and understand FIBs’ seasonal variability. From February 2015 to December 2016, 5 sampling campaigns were performed at 8 stations in the river (6) and tributaries (2). FIB abundances ranged between 1.09 × 103 and 8.88 × 104 E. coli (100 ml)-1 and between 5.33 × 102 and 4.49 × 103 IE (100 ml)-1 in river. They varied between 1.06 × 103 and 1.58 × 103 E. coli (100 ml)-1 and between 5.00 × 102 and 7.09 × 102 IE (100 ml)-1 in the tributaries. Based on the FIB abundance, the river presents a poor microbiological water quality for recreational and domestic activities. The concentrations observed in the river water are affected by climatic seasons with most important concentration observed during dry season. Dilution effect from tributaries waters may explain this variability. A monitoring program must be implemented to control water quality during the seasons.


Keywords: Comoe river, Escherichia coli, Intestinal enterococci, Microbial pollution, Public health
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How to cite this article:

Kouamé Cyr-Kevin Yao, Ouattara Koffi Nouho, Achiépo Odilon Yapo Mélaine and Ouattara Allassane. 2018. Impact and Seasonal Variability of Faecal Indicators Bacteria Contamination in Downstream Part of Comoe River and Its Two Tributaries (Côte d’Ivoire).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 827-840. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.091