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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2017: 100.00
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2017: 100.00
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
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Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 455-465
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.049


Effect of Feeding Tannin Rich Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) Leaves on Immunological Parameters, Antioxidant Status and Microbial Nitrogen Supply of Parasitic Infected Goats in Kumaon Hills
A. Chaurasiya1, P. Tamboli2*, P. Chaurasiya3, A. Nehra1, B. Sahoo1, A. Kuriyal1 and M.Sankar1
1ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar, Nainital, Uttarakhand 263138, India
2ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana 132001, India
3Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, M.P. 482001, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was undertaken to explore the immunological, antioxidant effect as well as microbial protein synthesis potency of oak leaves (Quercus leucotricophora) having 3.35% condensed tannin with its anthelmintic property. Twenty four local male goats of about 6-7 months of age were randomly divided into three homogenous groups (T1, T2 and T3) of eight animals each. Further, each group was subdivided in to 2 sub-groups of 4 animals each and one sub group in each group was treated with synthetic anthelmintic (Ivermectin @ 200µg/kg body wt.) (TA+). Experimental feeding was similar in the three groups except for the roughage source, which was local green grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) in T1A- and T1A+, oak leaves (Q. leucotricophora) in T2A- and T2A+ and oak leaves supplemented with PEG in group T3A- and T3A+, respectively. Microbial nitrogen (gd-1) was higher (P<0.01) in oak fed groups (T2A-, T2A+) than PEG supplemented groups (T3A-, T3A+) and grass fed groups (T1A-, T1A+). The IgG and IgA were decreased at 28th day PI and again improved significantly in groups treated with anthelmintic and group fed with oak leaves (T1A+, T2A-, T2A+, T3A+) while it decreased with PEG supplementation (T3A-) and lowest in the non-treated grass fed group (T1A-). The antioxidant property from GSH, SOD and catalase was significantly increased in oak fed groups (T1A+, T2A-, T2A+, T3A+) than grass fed groups (T1A-, T1A+). It was concluded that feeding of oak leaves having CT upto 1.6% in diet improved the microbial nitrogen supply, immunoglobulin status and antioxidant status of growing kids.


Keywords: Antioxidant, Condensed tannin, Immunoglobulin, Microbial protein and oak leaves
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How to cite this article:

Chaurasiya, A., P. Tamboli, P. Chaurasiya, A. Nehra, B. Sahoo, A. Kuriyal and Sankar, M. 2018. Effect of Feeding Tannin Rich Oak (Quercus leucotrichophora) Leaves on Immunological Parameters, Antioxidant Status and Microbial Nitrogen Supply of Parasitic Infected Goats in Kumaon Hills.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 455-465. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.710.049